Wow that should sound depressing instead of a long drawn out speech on atomic theory…
In beginning of atomic theory, a man dropped a vase. The vase not surprisingly broke into many pieces being of inquisitive mind (Very similar to my uncle who died shortly after saying hey y’all look what I can do), he took forth a hammer, and laid the pieces to waste. After a while he became bored with this, and thought to himself, there must be a point in which I can no longer break this vase… The word Atomos was born, meaning indivisible, the smallest building block available.
Science progressed many more vases broke and theory continued to develop. We found we could break the vase further, we found protons, neutrons, electrons… We decided to cram them all together and hoped it would all balance out, the WSOGMM* model other wise known as the plum pudding model. Protons, electron and neutron in harmony in close quarters the atom however was chaotic and crowded, so the electrons moved out. Possibly due to the personal the personal habits of the neutrons or the unbearable positive attitude of the protons, but they moved to the edge of the known reaches of the sphere.
A young scientist got bored with breaking vases and decided to pelt it with balls. His name was Rutherford, he fired Alpha particles (Helium nuclei) at a sheet of gold, back when science was given funding over arts grants to paint the rocks green. He released that not as many particles were bouncing back, he was ducking for nothing…. He surmised that the mass must be centralised as most seemed to pass through. He came to the conclusion the electrons orbit the outside of the atom and the majority is merely empty space. As like reflects like, he could also establish that all positive charge was centralised in the centre of the atom.
Bohr, who wasn’t one, played with the idea of discrete energy levels, quanta, essentially he burnt things realised putting in energy changed the amount of electron excitement, like a lingerie calendar in an all boys primary school. I stood to reason al electrons would have a level of energy and the Bohr model was born, centralised nucleus containing protons and neutrons and orbiting electrons at discrete energy levels.
Quantum then developed, Heisenberg (gashuntite) uncertainty arose in which if you know something with certainty, you will loose the accuracy of the other. If you know the speed of an electron, you no longer know position with any certainty.
Joke: Professor Heisenberg flying down the road in his car, copper pulls him over and says “ Do you know how fast you were going?” Heisenberg says “no but I know exactly where I am”.
If there is a bad quantum physics joke I haven’t heard it.
Orbits became uncertainty clouds and unpredictable and dangerous. Electrons span til they got dizzy. The scientists did the same trying to predict them.
Where this post is going, it has become the history of atomic theory, what I wanted to say was, the atom is made up of empty space mostly nothing, the equivalent of a pea in the centre of the MCG. Completely different to peeing in the middle of the MCG. It is hard to think of something coming from nothing, but everything is made of atoms, which are essentially nothing, the truth is nothing came from nothing and were here in proof of that.
*Whole sort of general mish mash